Q. What is the connection between diabetes, high blood pressure, and chronic kidney disease?
A. Diabetes is one of the most frequent causes of chronic kidney disease. High blood sugar levels from poorly controlled diabetes can damage not only the heart, nerves, feet, and eyes, but also the blood vessels and nephrons, which are the filtering units of the kidneys.
High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a leading cause of kidney disease. Blood pressure is the pressure of the blood on the walls of your blood vessels. Over time, high blood pressure can damage the kidneys. Damaged kidneys can result in extra fluid in the blood vessels, which may raise blood pressure even more.
Q. What are the symptoms of chronic kidney disease?
A. Most people are not aware that they have kidney disease until it is advanced. The following, however, are symptoms of the disease: feeling more tired and having less energy; trouble concentrating; a poor appetite; trouble sleeping; cramping at night; swollen feet and ankles; puffiness around the eyes, especially in the morning; dry, itchy skin; or needing to urinate more often, particularly at night.